Choosing the Right Cutting Machine

In everyday life work, cutting something into pieces is normal. Everybody may need to cut a thing like metal, plastic, wood, etc., to shape it into something valuable and useful. As an individual, it can be easier with small machines like scissors or a cutter. However, for industries, technology is a need in modern times.

Several cutting technologies have hit the market with higher efficiency and workflow. These technologies include many machines, notably laser cutting machines, plasma, water-jet, EDM cutting machines, and many others.

Keeping efficiency in view, it may become intriguing for you to decide on which cutting machine to use. Since many factors are vital in making an informed decision, we will cover them in this article.

Before we plunge into the discussion of the types of cutting machines, it is necessary to understand a few factors that need a thorough understanding.

The Right Cutting Machine

A cutting machine, be it manual or automated, comprises a table and the cutting instrument or blade. The primary purpose of a cutting machine is to use it for cutting metal plates, sheets, and whatnot. In view of the material type and its thickness, many cutting machines exist.

Laser cutting machine is an innovative technology with higher efficiency and other key elements to make it at the top of the list. Plasma, water-jet, and other machines come after it in features. Here are a few aspects you must see before bringing a cutting machine to your industry or workplace.

● Machine Size

These cutting machines come in various sizes that differ in functionality. You can get the most out of your machine when you choose it following your workload or function type. For instance, a Laser cutting machine can do cutting and engraving. Both machines have different specifications based on the function or work you do with them.

Therefore, you must decide what works and how much work you want your machine to do. Since the size of a machine is unchangeable and permanent, you may face problems later on. So, it is beneficial to figure it out beforehand to avoid any inconvenience at work.

● Power Consumption

The power consumption of a cutting machine is an extensive element that can ease or increase your burden. Some machines need more power for their operation. As power is directly linked to efficiency, it is a decisive factor in choosing the right cutting machine.

However, the higher power consumption can make you go into deep pockets and heavier on budget. Therefore, you must determine the workload or the functionality of the machine you intend to get from it. It will help you make a reliable choice while bringing a cutting machine.

● Operatable Time And Accessibility

The workers at your workplace may not be fully educated about the machine. Therefore, looking for a cutting machine with an effortless and facile user interface is necessary. What is it useful for if a machine does not help the worker ease the operation?

Moreover, go for a machine that has an easy-to-understand user manual. This user manual aims to understand the machine’s operation alongside its minor maintenance in an emergency.

● Cutting Features

Every machine is different in various aspects, such as precision, efficiency, quality, and much more. Some cutting machines, like Laser ones, are highly efficient and precise in function. However, it may expose you to a problem when cutting art or material with a higher thickness or irregular dimensions.

Therefore, understand these features before you decide to buy a cutting machine. Aspects like the dimensions of the cutting table, the thickness of the material, the precision, quality, and the intended productivity of the cutting machine are essential.

Types Of Cutting Machines

Cutting machines may have many types based on the thickness or the nature of the cutting material. Here is a brief overview:

● LASER Cutting Machine

LASER is a form of energy that heats up and cuts materials. It is a high-energy beam of light that you can operate via the machine with the help of optical fibers. This efficient cutting machine is easily operatable since it does not require changing the tools often.

LASER cutting is swift, precise, high-quality cuts, and automated. Due to the reduction in human intervention, the LASER cutting machine is the best for safe cutting. However, it limits to a tiny thickness of about 25 mm. Hence, you can operate it for metal sheets and frames.

Also, it requires a ventilated room due to its emissions are hazardous. It has two kinds, namely CO2 LASER cutting and Fiber LASER cutting. The first is fragile and cut soft materials like foam, plastic, glass, etc. Meanwhile, the latter is robust and potent, best for cutting sheet metals, steel, aluminum, etc.

● Plasma Cutting Machine

The plasma Cutting Machine is more potent than the LASER machine. It can cut iron, steel, brass, and aluminum with a thickness of more than 25 mm up to 160 mm. It mimics TIG welding since it uses an electric arc. The arc ionizes or extensively heats the material for the cut.

It uses nozzles and electrodes that require regular replacement. Therefore, it can be time-consuming and challenging to operate. Also, this technology works within a well-ventilated space due to heat production.

● Water-Jet Cutting Machine

A water-jet cutting machine uses water pressure for cutting almost everything. This cutting machine is the best for any material with a thickness under 600 mm. Also, the lower the thickness is, the more precise and high-quality the cut will be with this technology.

Moreover, the water content differs for different materials. For instance, soft things need pure water, but solid materials demand a mixture of water with abrasive.

However, this process creates noise, and the speed varies based on the material shape. Straight-line cutting is swift and precise, while any change in the dimension of the material affects its rate extensively. It is a costly machine but cost-effective compared to the LASER machine.

● Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) Cutting Machine

This machine uses spark erosion that works best on conductive items. Under 300 mm thickness, the EDM machine can precisely cut the material using electrical shocks. For hard metals and hardened steel, this technology is outstanding and efficient.

● Knife Machine

If you intend to cut delicate items like fabric, leather, and many others, the Knife cutting machine is what you need. Be mindful that 50 mm thickness is its threshold for precise cutting. However, you must regularly replace the knife for the high quality of the cutting machine.


A cutting machine is essential to your workplace since it can reduce the burden and fasten the workflow. Of all the machines for cutting, LASER cutting technology is highly precise and fast. However, its cost can be an alarming issue for your budget. Thus, it is worth the investment.


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